science-softCon UV/Vis+ Spectra Data Base (UV/Vis+ Photochemistry Database)

Pharmaceuticals/Drugs/Alkaloids/Vitamins

Substances: Actinomycin-D; Alprazolam; Aspirin; Atenolol; Benperidol; Bromazepam; Caffeine; Camptothecin; Captopril; Carbamazepine; Ciprofloxacine; Clindamycin; Cocaine; Colchicine; Colchicoside; Diazepam; Diclofenac; Difloxacin; Dopa; Dopamine; Doxycycline; Ecgonine; Enrofloxacin; Erythromycin; Flunitrazepam; Flurazepam; Isomethadon hydrochloride, Isosorbide mononitrate; Lornoxicam; Meconic acid; Methadon hydrochloride, Metoprolol; Niclosamide; Nitrazepam; Norepinephrine; Norfloxacin; Opianic acid; Papaverine; Paracetamol; Pefloxacin; Penicillin-G; Phenacetin; Prazepam; Propranolol; Pyridoxine; Sarafloxacin; Sulfachloropyridazine; Sulfadiazine; Sulfadimethoxine; Sulfamerazine; Sulfamethazine; Thiamine; Thiocolchicine; Thiocolchicoside; Trimethoprim; Tylosin

The relevant Spectra Data, graphical representations, links to abstracts and other photochemical information are available (for registered users) at Spectra Service

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Please note: In addition, information concerning related publications (e.g. quantum yield studies or photolysis studies) for some of the substances are given. Send us your feedback

Authors Journal/Source Title

Data Sheet

Actinomycin-D; ACTD; C62H86N12O16; CAS-No.: 50-76-0; PubChem: 2019
J.C. Tai, W.S. Craig, B.P. Gaber J. Am. Chem. Soc., 98 (25), 7925-7927, (1976) On the electronic spectrum of actinomycin D

Alprazolam; C17H13ClN4; CAS-No.: 28981-97-7
A. Mohd, A.A. Parwaz Khan, S. Bano, K.S. Siddiqi Arabian J. Chem., 6, 369-378, (2013) UV-absorption and fluorimetric methods for the determination of alprazolam in pharmaceutical formulation

Atenolol; (RS)-2-{4-[2-Hydroxy-3-(propan-2-ylamino)propoxy]phenyl}acetamide; C14H22N2O3; CAS-No.: 29122-68-7; PubChem: CID 2249
Q.-T. Liu, H.E. Williams Environ. Sci. Technol., 41 (3), 803-810, (2007) Kinetics and Degradation Products for Direct Photolysis of beta-Blockers in Water

Benperidol; C22H24FN3O2; CAS-No.: 983-42-6; PubChem: CID 16363
A.E.H. Gassim, P.G. Takla, K.C. James Analyst,111, 923-926, (1986) Ultraviolet Spectrophotometry for the Determination of Benperidol by a Difference Procedure and for the Elucidation of its Polymorphic Structures

Bromazepam; C14H10BrN3O; CAS-No.: 1812-30-2; PubChem: 2441
M.E. Moro, M.M. Velazquez, L.J. Rodriguez J. Pharm. Biomed. Analysis, 6 (6-8), 1013-1018, (1988) Deconvolution of UV absorption spectra of 1,4 benzodiazepines in aqueous solution

Caffeine; 1,3,7-trimethylpurine-2,6-dione; C8H10N4O2; CAS-No.: 58-08-2; PubChem: CID 2519
R.E. Stuckey J. Pharm. Pharmacol., 4 (6), 345-365, (1952) The applications of ultra-violet absorption spectrophotometry in pharmaceutical analysis

A. Ruiz Medina, M.L. Fernandez de Cordova, A. Molina-Diaz J. Pharma. Biomed. Analysis, 21, 983-992, (1999) Simultaneous determination of paracetamol, caffeine and acetylsalicylic acid by means of a FI ultraviolet pls multioptosensing device

Camptothecin; (S-)4-Ethyl-4-hydroxy-1H-pyrano[3',4':6,7]indolizino[1,2-b]chinolin- 3,14-(4H,12H)-dion; C20H16N2O4; CAS-No.: 7689-03-4; PubChem: 24360
N. Sanna, G. Chillemi, L. Gontrani, A. Grandi, G. Mancini, S. Castelli, G. Zagotto, C. Zazza, V. Barone, A. Desideri J. Phys. Chem. B, 113 (16), 5369-5375, (2009) UV-Vis Spectra of the Anticancer Campothecin Family Drugs in Aqueous Solution: Specific Spectroscopic Signatures Unraveled  by a Combined Computational and Experimental Study

D. Dvoranova, M. Bobenicova, S. Soralova, M. Breza Chem. Phys. Lett., 580, 141-144, (2013) On UV-Vis spectra and structure of the anticancer drug camptothecin in solutions

Captopril; capoten; C9H15NO3S; CAS-No.: 62571-86-2; PubChem: CID 44093
H.G. Brittain, H. Kadin Pharma. Res., 7 (10), 1082-1085, (1990) Ultraviolet (UV) absorption and circular dichroism (CD) spectra of captopril

Carbamazepine; CBZ; 5H-dibenzo[b,f]azepine-5-carboxamide; C15H12N2O; CAS-No.: 298-46-4
S. Chiron, C. Minero, D. Vione Environ. Sci. Technol., 40 (19), 5977-5983, (2006) Photodegradation processes of the anti-epileptic drug carbamazepine, relevant to estuarine waters

Ciprofloxacine; C17H18FN3O3; CAS-No.: 85721-33-1; PubChem: CID 2764
O. S. Keen, K. G. Linden Environ. Sci. Technol., 47 (22), 13020-13030, (2013) Degradation of Antibiotic Activity during UV/H2O2 Advanced Oxidation and Photolysis in Wastewater Effluent

S. Snowberger, H. Adejumo, K. He, K.P. Mangalgiri, M. Hopanna, A.D. Soares, L. Blaney Environ. Sci. Technol., 50 (17), 9533-9542, (2016) Direct Photolysis of Fluoroquinolone Antibiotics at 253.7 nm: Specific Reaction Kinetics and Formation of Equally Potent Fluoroquinolone Antibiotics

Clindamycin; C18H33ClN2O5S; CAS-No.: 18323-44-9
O. S. Keen, K. G. Linden Environ. Sci. Technol., 47 (22), 13020-13030, (2013) Degradation of Antibiotic Activity during UV/H2O2 Advanced Oxidation and Photolysis in Wastewater Effluent

Cocaine; benzoylmethylecgonine; C17H21NO4; CAS-No.: 50-36-2; PubChem: 5760
P.M. Oestreicher , C. G Farmilo , L. Levi Bulletin on Narcotics, 3, 42-70, (1954) Part III B. Ultraviolet Spectral Data for Ninety Narcotics and Related Compounds

Colchicine; N-[(7S)-1,2,3,10-tetramethoxy-9-oxo-5,6,7,9-tetrahydrobenzo[a]heptalen-7-yl]acetamide; C22H25NO6; CAS-No.: 64-86-8; PubChem: CID 6167
D.S. Tarbell, H.R. Frank, P.E. Fanta J. Am. Chem. Soc., 68 (3), 502-506, (1946) Studies on the Structure of Colchicine

S.B. Hastie, R.P. Rava J. Am. Chem. Soc., 111 (18), 6993-7001, (1989) Analysis of the near-ultraviolet absorption band of colchicine and the effect of tubulin binding

Q. Lu, C.L. Copper, G.E. Collins Anal. Chem. Acta, 572 (2), 205-211, (2006) Ultraviolet absorbance detection of colchicine and related alkaloids on a capillary electrophoresis microchip

Colchicoside; C27H33NO11; CAS-No.: 477-29-2; PubChem: CID 233866
Q. Lu, C.L. Copper, G.E. Collins Anal. Chem. Acta, 572 (2), 205-211, (2006) Ultraviolet absorbance detection of colchicine and related alkaloids on a capillary electrophoresis microchip

Diazepam; 7-chlor- 1-methyl- 5-phenyl- 1,3-dihydro- 1,4-benzodiazepin-2-on; C16H13ClN2O; CAS-No.: 439-14-5; PubChem: 3016
P. Gonzales-Hierro, M.M. Velazquez, J.M. Cachaza, L.J. Rodriguez J. Pharm. Biomed. Analysis, 5 (4), 395-402, (1987) Deconvolution of ultraviolet absorption spectra of aqueous Diazepam, Flurazepam and Prazepam in acid and alkaline solutions

Diclofenac; 2-(2,6-dichloranilino) phenylacetic acid; C14H11Cl2NO2; CAS-No.: 15307-86-5; PubChem: CID 3033
M.M. Sena, Z.F. Chaudhry, C.H. Collins, R.J. Poppi J. Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis, 36, 743-749, (2004) Direct determination of diclofenac in pharmaceutical formulations containing B vitamins by using UV spectrophotometry and partial least squares regression

Difloxacin; C21H19F2N3O3; CAS-No.: 98106-17-3; PubChem: CID 56206
S. Snowberger, H. Adejumo, K. He, K.P. Mangalgiri, M. Hopanna, A.D. Soares, L. Blaney Environ. Sci. Technol., 50 (17), 9533-9542, (2016) Direct Photolysis of Fluoroquinolone Antibiotics at 253.7 nm: Specific Reaction Kinetics and Formation of Equally Potent Fluoroquinolone Antibiotics

Dopa; L-dopa; (S)-2-Amino-3-(3,4-dihydroxyphenyl)propanoic acid; levodopa; CAS-No.: 59-92-7; PubChem: 6047
L. Li, D.M. Lubman Anal. Chem., 59 (20), 2538-2541, (1987) Ultraviolet-Visible Absorption Spectra of Biological Molecules in the Gas Phase Using Pulsed Laser-Induced Volatilization Enhancement in a Diode Array Spectrophotometer

Dopamine; 4-(2-aminoethyl)benzene-1,2-diol; C8H11NO2; CAS-No.: 51-61-6; PubChem: CID 681
L. Li, D.M. Lubman Anal. Chem., 59 (20), 2538-2541, (1987) Ultraviolet-Visible Absorption Spectra of Biological Molecules in the Gas Phase Using Pulsed Laser-Induced Volatilization Enhancement in a Diode Array Spectrophotometer

Doxycycline; C22H24N2O8; CAS-No.: 564-25-0; PubChem: CID 11256
O. S. Keen, K. G. Linden Environ. Sci. Technol., 47 (22), 13020-13030, (2013) Degradation of Antibiotic Activity during UV/H2O2 Advanced Oxidation and Photolysis in Wastewater Effluent

Ecgonine; C9H15NO3; CAS-No.: 481-37-8; PubChem: 91460
P.M. Oestreicher , C. G Farmilo , L. Levi Bulletin on Narcotics, 3, 42-70, (1954) Part III B. Ultraviolet Spectral Data for Ninety Narcotics and Related Compounds

Enrofloxacin; C19H22FN3O3; CAS-No.: 93106-60-6; PubChem: 71188
S. Snowberger, H. Adejumo, K. He, K.P. Mangalgiri, M. Hopanna, A.D. Soares, L. Blaney Environ. Sci. Technol., 50 (17), 9533-9542, (2016) Direct Photolysis of Fluoroquinolone Antibiotics at 253.7 nm: Specific Reaction Kinetics and Formation of Equally Potent Fluoroquinolone Antibiotics

Erythromycin; E-mycin; Erythrocin; C37H67NO13; CAS-No.: 114-07-8
O. S. Keen, K. G. Linden Environ. Sci. Technol., 47 (22), 13020-13030, (2013) Degradation of Antibiotic Activity during UV/H2O2 Advanced Oxidation and Photolysis in Wastewater Effluent

Flunitrazepam; C16H12FN3O3; CAS-No.: 1622-62-4; PubChem: 3380
M.E. Moro, M.M. Velazquez, L.J. Rodriguez J. Pharm. Biomed. Analysis, 6 (6-8), 1013-1018, (1988) Deconvolution of UV absorption spectra of 1,4 benzodiazepines in aqueous solution

Flurazepam; C21H23ClFN3O; CAS-No.: 17617-23-1; PubChem: 3393
P. Gonzales-Hierro, M.M. Velazquez, J.M. Cachaza, L.J. Rodriguez J. Pharm. Biomed. Analysis, 5 (4), 395-402, (1987) Deconvolution of ultraviolet absorption spectra of aqueous Diazepam, Flurazepam and Prazepam in acid and alkaline solutions

Isomethadon hydrochloride; 6-(dimethylamino)-5-methyl-4,4-diphenylhexan-3-one;hydrochloride; C21H27NO·HCl; CAS-No.: 5341-49-1; PubChem: 111003
W.D. Kumler, L.A. Strait, E.L. Alpen J. Am. Chem. Soc., 72 (4), 1463-1466, (1950) The ultraviolet absorption spectra of alpha-phenylcarbonyl compounds

Isosorbide mononitrate; 8-nitrooxy-2,6-dioxabicyclo[3.3.0]octan-4-ol; C6H9NO6; CAS-No.: 16051-77-7; PubChem: CID 27661
D.E. Romonosky, L.Q. Nguyen, D. Shemesh, T.B. Nguyen, S.A. Epstein, D.B.C. Martin, C.D. Vanderwal, R.B. Gerber, S.A. Nizkorodov Mol. Phys., 113 (15-16), 2179-2190, (2015) Absorption spectra and aqueous photochemistry of beta-hydroxyalkyl nitrates of atmospheric interest

Lornoxicam; chlortenoxicam; C13H10ClN3O4S2; CAS-No.: 70374-39-9; PubChem: CID 5282204
M.S.Kondawar, R.R.Shah, J.J.Waghmare, N.D.Shah, M.K.Malusare Int. J. Pharm. Tech. Research, 3 (3), 1603-1608), (2011) UV spectrophotometric estimation of paracetamol and lornoxicam in Bulk drug and Tablet dosage form using Multi-wavelength method

Meconic acid; C7H4O7; CAS-No.: 497-59-6; PubChem: 5351448
P.M. Oestreicher , C. G Farmilo , L. Levi Bulletin on Narcotics, 3, 42-70, (1954) Part III B. Ultraviolet Spectral Data for Ninety Narcotics and Related Compounds

Methadon hydrochloride; C21H27NO·HCl; CAS-No.: 1095-90-5
W.D. Kumler, L.A. Strait, E.L. Alpen J. Am. Chem. Soc., 72 (4), 1463-1466, (1950) The ultraviolet absorption spectra of alpha-phenylcarbonyl compounds

Metoprolol; (RS)-1-(Isopropylamino)-3-[4-(2-methoxyethyl)phenoxy]propan-2-ol; C15H25NO3; CAS-No.: 51384-51-1; PubChem: CID 4171
Q.-T. Liu, H.E. Williams Environ. Sci. Technol., 41 (3), 803-810, (2007) Kinetics and Degradation Products for Direct Photolysis of beta-Blockers in Water

Niclosamide; 5-chloro-N-(2-chloro-4-nitrophenyl)-2-hydroxybenzamide; C13H8Cl2N2O4; CAS-No.: 50-65-7; PubChem: CID 4477
M.B. McConville, T.D. Hubert, C.R. Remucal Environ. Sci. Technol., 50 (18), 9998-10006, (2016) Direct Photolysis Rates and Transformation Pathways of the Lampricides TFM and Niclosamide in Simulated Sunlight

Nitrazepam; C15H11N3O3; CAS-No.: 146-22-5; PubChem: 4506
M.E. Moro, M.M. Velazquez, L.J. Rodriguez J. Pharm. Biomed. Analysis, 6 (6-8), 1013-1018, (1988) Deconvolution of UV absorption spectra of 1,4 benzodiazepines in aqueous solution

Norepinephrine; INN; norepi; 4-[(1R)-2-amino-1-hydroxyethyl]benzene-1,2-diol; C8H11NO3; CAS-No.: 51-41-2; PubChem: CID 439260
L. Li, D.M. Lubman Anal. Chem., 59 (20), 2538-2541, (1987) Ultraviolet-Visible Absorption Spectra of Biological Molecules in the Gas Phase Using Pulsed Laser-Induced Volatilization Enhancement in a Diode Array Spectrophotometer

Norfloxacin; C16H18FN3O3; CAS-No.: 70458-96-7; PubChem: CID 4539
S. Snowberger, H. Adejumo, K. He, K.P. Mangalgiri, M. Hopanna, A.D. Soares, L. Blaney Environ. Sci. Technol., 50 (17), 9533-9542, (2016) Direct Photolysis of Fluoroquinolone Antibiotics at 253.7 nm: Specific Reaction Kinetics and Formation of Equally Potent Fluoroquinolone Antibiotics

Opianic acid; 6-formyl-2,3-dimethoxybenzoic acid; C10H10O5; CAS-No.: 519-05-1; PubChem: 68210
P.M. Oestreicher , C. G Farmilo , L. Levi Bulletin on Narcotics, 3, 42-70, (1954) Part III B. Ultraviolet Spectral Data for Ninety Narcotics and Related Compounds

Papaverine; 1-(3,4-dimethoxybenzyl)-6,7-dimethoxyisoquinoline; C20H21NO4; CAS-No.: 58-74-2; PubChem: 4680
A.W. Sangster, K.L. Stuart Chem. Rev., 65 (1), 69-130, (1965) Ultraviolet spectra of alkaloids

Paracetamol; acetaminophen; N-(4-hydroxyphenyl)acetamide; C8H9NO2; CAS-No.: 103-90-2; PubChem: CID 1983
A. Ruiz Medina, M.L. Fernandez de Cordova, A. Molina-Diaz J. Pharma. Biomed. Analysis, 21, 983-992, (1999) Simultaneous determination of paracetamol, caffeine and acetylsalicylic acid by means of a FI ultraviolet pls multioptosensing device

M.S.Kondawar, R.R.Shah, J.J.Waghmare, N.D.Shah, M.K.Malusare Int. J. Pharm. Tech. Research, 3 (3), 1603-1608), (2011) UV spectrophotometric estimation of paracetamol and lornoxicam in Bulk drug and Tablet dosage form using Multi-wavelength method

Pefloxacin; C17H20FN3O3; CAS-No.: 70458-92-3; PubChem: CID 51081
S. Snowberger, H. Adejumo, K. He, K.P. Mangalgiri, M. Hopanna, A.D. Soares, L. Blaney Environ. Sci. Technol., 50 (17), 9533-9542, (2016) Direct Photolysis of Fluoroquinolone Antibiotics at 253.7 nm: Specific Reaction Kinetics and Formation of Equally Potent Fluoroquinolone Antibiotics

Penicillin-G; Benzylpenicillin; C16H18N2O4S; CAS-No.: 61-33-6
O. S. Keen, K. G. Linden Environ. Sci. Technol., 47 (22), 13020-13030, (2013) Degradation of Antibiotic Activity during UV/H2O2 Advanced Oxidation and Photolysis in Wastewater Effluent

Phenacetin; N-(4-ethoxyphenyl)acetamide; C10H13NO2; CAS-No.: 62-44-2; PubChem: CID 4754
R.E. Stuckey J. Pharm. Pharmacol., 4 (6), 345-365, (1952) The applications of ultra-violet absorption spectrophotometry in pharmaceutical analysis

Prazepam; C19H17ClN2O; CAS-No.: 2955-38-6; PubChem: 4890
P. Gonzales-Hierro, M.M. Velazquez, J.M. Cachaza, L.J. Rodriguez J. Pharm. Biomed. Analysis, 5 (4), 395-402, (1987) Deconvolution of ultraviolet absorption spectra of aqueous Diazepam, Flurazepam and Prazepam in acid and alkaline solutions

Propranolol; (RS)-1-(1-methylethylamino)-3-(1-naphthyloxy)propan-2-ol; C16H21NO2; CAS-No.: 525-66-6; PubChem: CID 4946
Q.-T. Liu, H.E. Williams Environ. Sci. Technol., 41 (3), 803-810, (2007) Kinetics and Degradation Products for Direct Photolysis of beta-Blockers in Water

Pyridoxine; 4,5-bis(hydroxymethyl)-2-methylpyridin-3-ol; C8H11NO3; CAS-No.: 65-23-6; PubChem: 1054
M.M. Sena, Z.F. Chaudhry, C.H. Collins, R.J. Poppi J. Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis, 36, 743-749, (2004) Direct determination of diclofenac in pharmaceutical formulations containing B vitamins by using UV spectrophotometry and partial least squares regression

Sarafloxacin; C20H17F2N3O3; CAS-No.: 98105-99-8; PubChem: CID 56208
S. Snowberger, H. Adejumo, K. He, K.P. Mangalgiri, M. Hopanna, A.D. Soares, L. Blaney Environ. Sci. Technol., 50 (17), 9533-9542, (2016) Direct Photolysis of Fluoroquinolone Antibiotics at 253.7 nm: Specific Reaction Kinetics and Formation of Equally Potent Fluoroquinolone Antibiotics

Sulfachloropyridazine; 4-amino-N-(6-chloropyridazin-3-yl)benzenesulfonamide; C10H9ClN4O2S; CAS-No.: 80-32-0; PubChem: CID 6634
A.L. Boreen, W.A. Arnold, K. McNeill Environ. Sci. Technol., 39 (10), 3630-3638, (2005) Triplet-Sensitized Photodegradation of Sulfa Drugs Containing Six-Membered 3 Heterocyclic Groups: Identification of an SO2 Extrusion Photoproduct

Sulfadiazine; 4-amino-N-pyrimidin-2-yl-benzenesulfonamide; C10H10N4O2S; CAS-No.: 68-35-9; PubChem: CID 5215
A.L. Boreen, W.A. Arnold, K. McNeill Environ. Sci. Technol., 39 (10), 3630-3638, (2005) Triplet-Sensitized Photodegradation of Sulfa Drugs Containing Six-Membered 3 Heterocyclic Groups: Identification of an SO2 Extrusion Photoproduct

Sulfadimethoxine; sulfadimethoxydiazine; C12H14N4O4S; CAS-No.: 122-11-2; PubChem: CID 5323
A.L. Boreen, W.A. Arnold, K. McNeill Environ. Sci. Technol., 39 (10), 3630-3638, (2005) Triplet-Sensitized Photodegradation of Sulfa Drugs Containing Six-Membered 3 Heterocyclic Groups: Identification of an SO2 Extrusion Photoproduct

Sulfamerazine; sulfamethyldiazine; C11H12N4O2S; CAS-No.: 127-79-7; PubChem: CID 5325
A.L. Boreen, W.A. Arnold, K. McNeill Environ. Sci. Technol., 39 (10), 3630-3638, (2005) Triplet-Sensitized Photodegradation of Sulfa Drugs Containing Six-Membered 3 Heterocyclic Groups: Identification of an SO2 Extrusion Photoproduct

Sulfamethazine; sulfadimidine; SDD; C12H14N4O2S; CAS-No.: 57-68-1; PubChem: CID 5327
A.L. Boreen, W.A. Arnold, K. McNeill Environ. Sci. Technol., 39 (10), 3630-3638, (2005) Triplet-Sensitized Photodegradation of Sulfa Drugs Containing Six-Membered 3 Heterocyclic Groups: Identification of an SO2 Extrusion Photoproduct

Thiamine; 2-[3-[(4-amino-2-methyl-pyrimidin-5-yl)methyl]-4-methyl-thiazol-5-yl] ethanol; C12H17N4OS; CAS-No.: 59-43-8; PubChem: 6042
M.M. Sena, Z.F. Chaudhry, C.H. Collins, R.J. Poppi J. Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis, 36, 743-749, (2004) Direct determination of diclofenac in pharmaceutical formulations containing B vitamins by using UV spectrophotometry and partial least squares regression

Thiocolchicine; 10-thio-colchicine; C22H25NO5S; CAS-No.: 2730-71-4; PubChem: CID 17648
Q. Lu, C.L. Copper, G.E. Collins Anal. Chem. Acta, 572 (2), 205-211, (2006) Ultraviolet absorbance detection of colchicine and related alkaloids on a capillary electrophoresis microchip

Thiocolchicoside; C27H33NO10S; CAS-No.: 602-41-5; PubChem: CID 72067
Q. Lu, C.L. Copper, G.E. Collins Anal. Chem. Acta, 572 (2), 205-211, (2006) Ultraviolet absorbance detection of colchicine and related alkaloids on a capillary electrophoresis microchip

Trimethoprim; 5-(3,4,5-Trimethoxybenzyl)pyrimidine-2,4-diamine; C14H18N4O3; CAS-No.: 738-70-5; PubChem: CID 5578
O. S. Keen, K. G. Linden Environ. Sci. Technol., 47 (22), 13020-13030, (2013) Degradation of Antibiotic Activity during UV/H2O2 Advanced Oxidation and Photolysis in Wastewater Effluent

Tylosin; C46H77NO17; CAS-No.: 1401-69-0; PubChem: CID 5280440
J. J. Werner, M. Chintapalli, R. A. Lundeen, K. H. Wammer, W. A. Arnold, K. McNeill J. Agric. Food Chem., 55 (17), 7062-7068, (2007) Environmental photochemistry of tylosin: efficient, reversible photoisomerization to a less-active isomer, followed by photolysis


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