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Literature - Service: Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons (PAH), Polycyclic Aromatic Nitrogen Heterocyclic Compounds (PANH)

Substances: azulene (C10H8), naphthalene (C10H8), 1-methylnaphthalene (C11H10), 2-methylnaphthalene (C11H10), acenaphthene (C12H10), fluorene (C13H10), anthracene (C14H10), phenanthrene (C14H10), 4,5-methylenephenanthrene (C15H10), 9-methylphenanthrene (C15H12)9-methyl-anthracene (C15H12), pyrene (C16H10), 9-ethynyl-anthracene (C16H10), fluoranthene (C16H10), 9-vinylanthracene (C16H12), 1-phenylnaphthalene (C16H12), 2-phenylnaphthalene (C16H12), 2'-hydroxy-2-phenyl-naphthalene (C16H12O), 9,10-dimethylphenanthrene (C16H14), 1-cyclohexylnaphthalene (C16H18), 1-pyrenecarboxyaldehyde cation; (C17H10O+), 1-methylpyrene cation (C17H12+), 2-o-tolyl-naphthalene (C17H14), 9-(1,3-butadiyn-1-yl)-anthracene (C18H10), 9,10-diethynylanthracene (C18H10), chrysene (C18H12), benz[a]anthracene (C18H12), triphenylene (C18H12), 3,4-benzphenanthrene (C18H12), 2-methylbenz[a]anthracene (C19H14), 3-methylbenzo[a]anthracene (C19H14), 5-methylbenz[a]anthracene (C19H14), 6-methylbenz[a]anthracene (C19H14), 7-methylbenz[a]anthracene (C19H14), 8-methylbenz[a]anthracene (C19H14), 9-methylbenz[a]anthracene (C19H14), 10-methylbenz[a]anthracene (C19H14), corannulene (C20H10), benzo[a]pyrene (C20H12), benzo[e]pyrene (C20H12), perylene (C20H12), perylene cation (C20H12+), 1,1'-binaphthyl (C20H14), 1,2'-binaphthyl (C20H14), 2,2'-binaphthyl (C20H14), 1,12-dimethylbenz[a]anthracene (C20H16), 3,3',4,4'-tetrahydro-1,1'-binaphthyl (C20H18), benzo(g,h,i)perylene (C22H12), picene (C22H14), pentacene (C22H14), coronene (C24H12), dibenz(a,e)aceanthrylene (C24H14), 2,2',7,7'tetramethyl-1,1'-binaphthyl (C24H22), rubicene (C26H14), 9,10-diphenylanthracene (C26H18), diphenanthrofuran (C28H16O), diphenanthrofuran anion (C28H16O-), dibenzo[cde,opq]rubicene (C30H14), terrylene (C30H16), 1,2-di-9'-anthrylethane (C30H22), ovalene (C32H14), 9,10-di(1-naphthyl)anthracene (C34H22), 9,10-di(2-naphthyl)anthracene (C34H22), decacyclene (C36H18), 2,2'-bis-triphenylyl (C36H22), 2,3,9,10-tetraphenylanthracene (C38H26), quaterrylene (C40H20), hexa-peri-hexabenzocoronene (C42H18), hexabenzoperopyrene (C44H20), dicoronylene (C48H20), tetraphenyldibenzoperiflanthene (C64H36), phenazine (C12H8N2), acridine (C13H9N), 2,7-diaminofluorene (C13H12N2), 1,1'-azonaphthalene (C20H14N2), 2,2'-azonaphthalene (C20H14N2), 1,1-'azoxynaphthalene (C20H14N2O), 2,2-'azoxynaphthalene (C20H14N2O)

The relevant Spectra Data, graphical representations, links to abstracts and other photochemical information are available (for registered users) at: Spectra Service.

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Authors Journal/Source Title/Paper

Data Sheet

azulene; C10H8; CAS-No.: 275-51-4
G.A. Kourouklis, K. Siomos, L.G. Christophorou J. Molecular Spectroscopy, 92, 127-140, (1982) Vacuum ultraviolet absorption spectra of aromatic molecules in solution

L. D. Brouwer, H. Hippler, L. Lindemann, J. Troe J. Phys. Chem., 89 (21), 4608-4612, (1985) Measurement of internal energies by hot ultraviolet absorption spectroscopy: spectra of excited azulene molecules

naphthalene; bicyclo[4.4.0]deca-1,3,5,7,9-pentene; C10H8; CAS-No.: 91-20-3; PubChem: CID 931
R.A. Friedel, M. Orchin, L. Reggel J. Am. Chem. Soc., 70 (1), 199-204, (1948) Steric hindrance and short wave length bands in the ultraviolet spectra of some naphthalene and diphenyl derivatives

N.D. Coggeshall, A.S. Glessner, Jr. Anal. Chem., 21 (5), 550-553, (1949) Ultraviolet Absorption Analysis for Naphthalenes

J. Ferguson, L.W. Reeves, W.G. Schneider Can. J. Chemistry, 35, 1117-1123, (1957) Vapor absorption spectra and oscillator strengths of Naphthalene, Anthracene, and Pyrene

R.A. Keller, S.G. Hadley J. Chem. Phys., 42 (7), 2382-2387, (1965) Extinction Coefficients of Triplet <--> Triplet Transitions in Aromatic Compounds

G. A. George, G. C. Morris J. Mol. Spectroscopy, 26, 67-71, (1968) The intensity of absorption of naphthalene from 30000 cm-1 to 53000 cm-1

K. Ding, W. Kranitzky, S.F. Fischer, W. Kaiser Chem. Phys. Lett., 72, 39-42, (1980) Structured UV-spectrum of naphthalene obtained by ultrafast two-pulse excitation 

G.A. Kourouklis, K. Siomos, L.G. Christophorou J. Molecular Spectroscopy, 92, 127-140, (1982) Vacuum ultraviolet absorption spectra of aromatic molecules in solution

W. Majewski, W.L. Meerts J. Mol. Spectroscopy, 104, 271-281, (1984) Near-UV Spectra with Fully Resolved Rotational Structure of Naphthalene and Perdeuterated Naphthalene

F. Salama, L.J. Allamandola J. Chem. Phys., 94, 6964, (1991) Electronic absorption spectroscopy of matrix-isolated polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon cations. I. The naphthalene cation (C10H8+)

F. Salama, L.J. Allamandola Astrophysical Journal, 395, 301-306, (1992) The ultraviolet and visible spectrum of the polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon C10H8+: Possible contributions to the diffuse interstellar bands and to the ultraviolet-visible extinction

D. Romanini, L. Biennier, F. Salama, A. Kachanov, L. J. Allamandola, F. Stoeckel Chem. Phys. Lett., 303, 165-170, (1999) Jet-discharge cavity ring-down spectroscopy of ionized polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons: progress in testing the PAH hypothesis for the diffuse interstellar band problem

L. Biennier, F. Salama, L. J. Allamandola, J. J. Scherer J. Chem. Phys., 118, 7863-7873, (2003) Pulsed discharge nozzle cavity ringdown spectroscopy of cold polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon ions

T. M. Halasinski, F. Salama, L. J. Allamandola Astrophysical Journal, 628, 555-566, (2005) Investigation of the ultraviolet, visible, and near-infrared absorption spectra of hydrogenated polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons and their cations

H. Grosch, Z. Sarossy, H. Egsgaard, A. Fateev J. Quant. Spectr. Rad. Transfer, 156, 17-23, (2015) UV absorption cross-sec tions of pheno l and naphthalene at temperatures up to 500°C

1-methylnaphthalene; alpha-methylnaphthalene; C11H10; CAS-No.: 90-12-0; PubChem: 7002
N.D. Coggeshall, A.S. Glessner, Jr. Anal. Chem., 21 (5), 550-553, (1949) Ultraviolet Absorption Analysis for Naphthalenes

2-methylnaphthalene; beta-methylnaphthalene; C11H10; CAS-No.: 91-57-6; PubChem: 7055
N.D. Coggeshall, A.S. Glessner, Jr. Anal. Chem., 21 (5), 550-553, (1949) Ultraviolet Absorption Analysis for Naphthalenes

acenaphthene; 1,2-dihydroacenaphthylene; C12H10; CAS-No.: 83-32-9
L. Biennier, F. Salama, L. J. Allamandola, J. J. Scherer J. Chem. Phys., 118, 7863-7873, (2003) Pulsed discharge nozzle cavity ringdown spectroscopy of cold polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon ions

fluorene; C13H10; CAS-No.: 86-73-7
J. Szczepanski, J. Banisaukas, M. Vala, S. Hirata, R. J. Bartlett, M. Head-Gordon J. Phys. Chem. A, 106 (1), 63-73, (2002) Vibrational and Electronic Spectroscopy of the Fluorene Cation

related data (quantum yield studies; photolysis studies, etc.)
J.S. Miller, D. Olejnik Water Research, 35, 233-243, (2001) Photolysis of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in water

J. Sabate, J.M. Bayona, A.M. Solanas Chemosphere, 44, 119-124, (2001) Photolysis of PAHs in aqueous phase by UV irradiation

H. Shemer, K.G. Linden Water Research, 41, 853-861, (2007) Aqueous photodegradation and toxicity of the polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons fluorene, dibenzofuran, and dibenzothiophene

anthracene; C14H10; CAS-No.: 120-12-7; PubChem: 8418
R.N. Jones Chem. Rev., 41 (2), 353-371, (1947) The ultraviolet absorption spectra of anthracene derivatives

J. Ferguson, L.W. Reeves, W.G. Schneider Can. J. Chemistry, 35, 1117-1123, (1957) Vapor absorption spectra and oscillator strengths of Naphthalene, Anthracene, and Pyrene

L. E. Lyons, G. C. Morris J. Mol. Spectr., 4, 480-487, (1960) The absorption spectrum of anthracene vapor from 36,000 to 66,000 cm-1

R.N. Jones, E. Spinner Spectrochim. Acta, 16 (9), 1060-1075, (1960) The ultraviolet spectra of some methyl-substituted aromatic hydrocarbons

W.R. Ware, P.T. Cunningham J. Chem. Phys., 43, 3826, (1965) Lifetime and Quenching of Anthracene Fluorescence in the Vapor Phase

I. Ohno, K. Iguchi Bull. Chem. Soc. Japan, 41 (10), 2264-2269, (1968) UV and visible absorption spectra of monohalogenated anthracenes. I. The first absorption bands

E. E. Koch, A. Otto, K. Radler Chem. Phys. Lett., 21, 501-504, (1973) The absorption spectrum of the anthracene molecule in the vacuum ultraviolet

R.S. Dygdala, K. Stefanski Chem. Phys., 53, 51-62, (1980) Absorption investigation of anthracene vapour

A. Thony, M.J. Rossi J. Photochem. Photobiol. A: Chemistry, 104, 25-33, (1997) Gas-phase UV spectroscopy of anthracene, xanthone, pyrene, 1-bromopyrene and 1,2,4-trichlorobenzene at elevated temperatures

A. Staicu, G. Rouilleacute, O. Sukhorukov, Th. Henning, F. Huisken Mol. Phys., 102, 1777-1783, (2004) Cavity ring-down laser absorption spectroscopy of jet-cooled anthracene

A. L. Mattioda, L. Rutter, J. Parkhill, M. Head-Gordon, T. J. Lee, L. J. Allamandola Astrophysical Journal, 680, 1243-1255, (2008) Near-Infrared Spectroscopy of Nitrogenated Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbon Cations from 0.7 to 2.5 µm

G. Rouillé, C. Jaeger, F. Huisken, T. Henning Proc. Int. Astron. Union 9 (S297), 276-280, (2013) Polyynyl-substituted PAH molecules and DIB carriers

related data (quantum yield studies; photolysis studies, etc.)
A. Thony, M.J. Rossi J. Photochem. Photobiol. A: Chem., 109, 267-280, (1997) UV photon-assisted incineration of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons at elevated temperatures between 150 and 800°C

Yu Wang, Lin Fengkai, Lin Zhulu, Xu Zheng, Tang Yubin Chemosphere, 38 (6), 1273-1278, (1999) Photolysis of anthracene and chrysene in aquatic systems 

phenanthrene; C14H10; CAS-No.: 85-01-8; PubChem: CID 995
R.N. Jones, E. Spinner Spectrochim. Acta, 16 (9), 1060-1075, (1960) The ultraviolet spectra of some methyl-substituted aromatic hydrocarbons

R.A. Keller, S.G. Hadley J. Chem. Phys., 42 (7), 2382-2387, (1965) Extinction Coefficients of Triplet <--> Triplet Transitions in Aromatic Compounds

F. Salama, C. Joblin, L. J. Allamandola J. Chem. Phys., 101, 10252-10263, (1994) Electronic absorption spectroscopy of matrix-isolated polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon cations. II. The phenanthrene cation (C14H10+) and its 1-methyl derivative

K. Ram, C. Anastasio Atmospheric Environment, 43, 2252-2259, (2009) Photochemistry of phenanthrene, pyrene, and fluoranthene in ice and snow

4,5-methylenephenanthrene; 4H-cyclopenta(def)phenanthrene; C15H10; CAS-No.: 203-64-5
R.N. Jones, E. Spinner Spectrochim. Acta, 16 (9), 1060-1075, (1960) The ultraviolet spectra of some methyl-substituted aromatic hydrocarbons

9-methylphenanthrene; C15H12; CAS-No.: 883-20-5; PubChem: CID 13438
R.N. Jones, E. Spinner Spectrochim. Acta, 16 (9), 1060-1075, (1960) The ultraviolet spectra of some methyl-substituted aromatic hydrocarbons

9-methylanthracene; C15H12; CAS-No.: 779-02-2
G. Rouillé, C. Jaeger, F. Huisken, T. Henning Proc. Int. Astron. Union 9 (S297), 276-280, (2013) Polyynyl-substituted PAH molecules and DIB carriers

pyrene; C16H10; CAS-No.: 129-00-0
J. Ferguson, L.W. Reeves, W.G. Schneider Can. J. Chemistry, 35, 1117-1123, (1957) Vapor absorption spectra and oscillator strengths of Naphthalene, Anthracene, and Pyrene

A. Thony, M.J. Rossi J. Photochem. Photobiol. A: Chemistry, 104, 25-33, (1997) Gas-phase UV spectroscopy of anthracene, xanthone, pyrene, 1-bromopyrene and 1,2,4-trichlorobenzene at elevated temperatures 

L. Biennier, F. Salama, M. Gupta, A. O'Keefe Chem. Phys. Lett., 387, 287-294, (2004) Multiplex integrated cavity output spectroscopy of cold PAH cations

T. M. Halasinski, F. Salama, L. J. Allamandola Astrophysical Journal, 628, 555-566, (2005) Investigation of the ultraviolet, visible, and near-infrared absorption spectra of hydrogenated polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons and their cations

K. Ram, C. Anastasio Atmospheric Environment, 43, 2252-2259, (2009) Photochemistry of phenanthrene, pyrene, and fluoranthene in ice and snow

related data (quantum yield studies; photolysis studies, etc.)
A. Thony, M.J. Rossi J. Photochem. Photobiol. A: Chem., 109, 267-280, (1997) UV photon-assisted incineration of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons at elevated temperatures between 150 and 800°C

9-ethynyl-anthracene; C16H10; CAS-No.: 13752-40-4
G. Rouillé, C. Jaeger, F. Huisken, T. Henning Proc. Int. Astron. Union 9 (S297), 276-280, (2013) Polyynyl-substituted PAH molecules and DIB carriers

fluoranthene, C16H10; CAS-No.: 206-44-0
W.F. Maddams, R. Schnurmann J. Chem. Phys., 19, 973, (1951) Ultraviolet Absorption Spectrum of Fluoranthene

G.A. Kourouklis, K. Siomos, L.G. Christophorou J. Molecular Spectroscopy, 92, 127-140, (1982) Vacuum ultraviolet absorption spectra of aromatic molecules in solution

K. Ram, C. Anastasio Atmospheric Environment, 43, 2252-2259, (2009) Photochemistry of phenanthrene, pyrene, and fluoranthene in ice and snow

1-phenylnaphthalene; C16H12; CAS-No.: 605-02-7; PubChem: CID 11795
R.A. Friedel, M. Orchin, L. Reggel J. Am. Chem. Soc., 70 (1), 199-204, (1948) Steric hindrance and short wave length bands in the ultraviolet spectra of some naphthalene and diphenyl derivatives

2-phenylnaphthalene; C16H12; CAS-No.: 612-94-2; PubChem: CID 11934
R.A. Friedel, M. Orchin, L. Reggel J. Am. Chem. Soc., 70 (1), 199-204, (1948) Steric hindrance and short wave length bands in the ultraviolet spectra of some naphthalene and diphenyl derivatives

9-vinylanthracene; 9-ethenylanthracene; C16H12; CAS-No.: 2444-68-0
G. Rouillé, C. Jaeger, F. Huisken, T. Henning Proc. Int. Astron. Union 9 (S297), 276-280, (2013) Polyynyl-substituted PAH molecules and DIB carriers

2'-hydroxy-2-phenyl-naphthalene; C16H12O; CAS-No.: 
R.A. Friedel, M. Orchin, L. Reggel J. Am. Chem. Soc., 70 (1), 199-204, (1948) Steric hindrance and short wave length bands in the ultraviolet spectra of some naphthalene and diphenyl derivatives

9,10-dimethylphenanthrene; C16H14; CAS-No.: 604-83-1; PubChem: CID 69056
R.N. Jones, E. Spinner Spectrochim. Acta, 16 (9), 1060-1075, (1960) The ultraviolet spectra of some methyl-substituted aromatic hydrocarbons

1-cyclohexylnaphthalene; naphthalene,1-cyclohexyl-; C16H18; CAS-No.: 3042-69-1
R.A. Friedel, M. Orchin, L. Reggel J. Am. Chem. Soc., 70 (1), 199-204, (1948) Steric hindrance and short wave length bands in the ultraviolet spectra of some naphthalene and diphenyl derivatives

1-pyrenecarboxyaldehyde cation; (C17H10O+); CAS-No.: 
X. Tan, F. Salama Chemical Physics Letters, 422, 518–521, (2006) Cavity ring-down spectroscopy of jet-cooled 1-pyrenecarboxyaldehyde (C17H10O) and 1-methylpyrene (C17H12) cations

1-methylpyrene cation; (C17H12+); CAS-No.: 
X. Tan, F. Salama Chemical Physics Letters, 422, 518–521, (2006) Cavity ring-down spectroscopy of jet-cooled 1-pyrenecarboxyaldehyde (C17H10O) and 1-methylpyrene (C17H12) cations

2-o-tolyl-naphthalene; 2'-methyl-2-phenyl-naphthalene; naphthalene, 2-(2-methylphenyl)-; C17H14; CAS-No.: 66778-24-3
R.A. Friedel, M. Orchin, L. Reggel J. Am. Chem. Soc., 70 (1), 199-204, (1948) Steric hindrance and short wave length bands in the ultraviolet spectra of some naphthalene and diphenyl derivatives

9-(1,3-butadiyn-1-yl)-anthracene; C18H10; CAS-No.: 31067-63-7
G. Rouillé, C. Jaeger, F. Huisken, T. Henning Proc. Int. Astron. Union 9 (S297), 276-280, (2013) Polyynyl-substituted PAH molecules and DIB carriers

9,10-diethynylanthracene; C18H10; CAS-No.: 18512-55-5
G. Rouillé, C. Jaeger, F. Huisken, T. Henning Proc. Int. Astron. Union 9 (S297), 276-280, (2013) Polyynyl-substituted PAH molecules and DIB carriers

benz[a]anthracene; 1,2-benzanthracene; C18H12; CAS-No.: 56-55-3; PubChem: 5954
G.M. Badger, R.S. Pearce, R. Pettit J. Chem. Soc., 1112-1116, (1952) Substituted anthracene derivatives. Part V. The conjugating powers of the substitution positions in 1 : 2-benzanthracene

C. Sandorfy, R. Norman Jones Can. J. Chem., 34(7), 888-905, (1956) The ultraviolet absorption spectra of methyl-1,2-benzanthracenes

J.L. Patenaude, P. Sauvageau, C. Sandorfy Spectrochim. Acta, 18 (2), 241-257, (1962) The assignment of bands in the ultraviolet spectrum of benz[a]anthracene

D.L. Plata, C.M. Sharpless, C.M. Reddy Environ. Sci. Technol., 42 (7), 2432-2438, (2008) Photochemical degradation of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in oil films

chrysene; C18H12; CAS-No.: 218-01-9
J.S. Miller, D. Olejnik Water Research, 35 (1), 233-243, (2001) Photolysis of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in water

W.A. Lopes, P.A. de Paula Pereira, H. Viertler, J.B. de Andrade J. Braz. Chem. Soc., 16, (6A), 1099-1103, (2005) Electrochemical Reduction Potentials of 1-Nitropyrene, 9-Nitroanthracene, 6-Nitrochrysene and 3-Nitrofluoranthene and their Correlation with Direct-Acting Mutagenicities

D.L. Plata, C.M. Sharpless, C.M. Reddy Environ. Sci. Technol., 42 (7), 2432-2438, (2008) Photochemical degradation of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in oil films

triphenylene; benzo[l]phenanthrene; C18H12; CAS-No.: 217-59-4
R.A. Keller, S.G. Hadley J. Chem. Phys., 42 (7), 2382-2387, (1965) Extinction Coefficients of Triplet <--> Triplet Transitions in Aromatic Compounds

3,4-benzphenanthrene; benzo[c]phenanthrene; C18H12; CAS-No.: 195-19-7
R.N. Jones, E. Spinner Spectrochim. Acta, 16 (9), 1060-1075, (1960) The ultraviolet spectra of some methyl-substituted aromatic hydrocarbons

2-methylbenz[a]anthracene; 2'-methyl-1,2-benzanthracene; C19H14; CAS-No.: 2498-76-2
G.M. Badger, R.S. Pearce, R. Pettit J. Chem. Soc., 1112-1116, (1952) Substituted anthracene derivatives. Part V. The conjugating powers of the substitution positions in 1 : 2-benzanthracene

C. Sandorfy, R. Norman Jones Can. J. Chem., 34(7), 888-905, (1956) The ultraviolet absorption spectra of methyl-1,2-benzanthracenes

J.L. Patenaude, P. Sauvageau, C. Sandorfy Spectrochim. Acta, 18 (2), 241-257, (1962) The assignment of bands in the ultraviolet spectrum of benz[a]anthracene

3-methylbenzo[a]anthracene; 3-methyl-1,2-benzanthracene; C19H14; CAS-No.: 2498-75-1
G.M. Badger, R.S. Pearce, R. Pettit J. Chem. Soc., 1112-1116, (1952) Substituted anthracene derivatives. Part V. The conjugating powers of the substitution positions in 1 : 2-benzanthracene

4-methylbenzo[a]anthracene; 4'-methyl-1,2-benzanthracene; C19H14; CAS-No.: 316-49-4
G.M. Badger, R.S. Pearce, R. Pettit J. Chem. Soc., 1112-1116, (1952) Substituted anthracene derivatives. Part V. The conjugating powers of the substitution positions in 1 : 2-benzanthracene

5-methylbenz[a]anthracene; 3'-methyl-1,2-benzanthracene; C19H14; CAS-No.: 2319-96-2
G.M. Badger, R.S. Pearce, R. Pettit J. Chem. Soc., 1112-1116, (1952) Substituted anthracene derivatives. Part V. The conjugating powers of the substitution positions in 1 : 2-benzanthracene

J.L. Patenaude, P. Sauvageau, C. Sandorfy Spectrochim. Acta, 18 (2), 241-257, (1962) The assignment of bands in the ultraviolet spectrum of benz[a]anthracene

6-methylbenz[a]anthracene; 6-methylbenzanthracene; C19H14; CAS-No.: 316-14-3
J.L. Patenaude, P. Sauvageau, C. Sandorfy Spectrochim. Acta, 18 (2), 241-257, (1962) The assignment of bands in the ultraviolet spectrum of benz[a]anthracene

7-methylbenz[a]anthracene; 10-methyl-1,2-benzanthracene; C19H14; CAS-No.: 2541-69-7
C. Sandorfy, R. Norman Jones Can. J. Chem., 34(7), 888-905, (1956) The ultraviolet absorption spectra of methyl-1,2-benzanthracenes

8-methylbenz[a]anthracene; 8-methylbenzanthracene; C19H14; CAS-No.: 2381-31-9
J.L. Patenaude, P. Sauvageau, C. Sandorfy Spectrochim. Acta, 18 (2), 241-257, (1962) The assignment of bands in the ultraviolet spectrum of benz[a]anthracene

9-methylbenz[a]anthracene; 6-methyl-1,2-benzanthracene; C19H14; CAS-No.: 2381-16-0; PubChem: 16930
G.M. Badger, R.S. Pearce, R. Pettit J. Chem. Soc., 1112-1116, (1952) Substituted anthracene derivatives. Part V. The conjugating powers of the substitution positions in 1 : 2-benzanthracene

C. Sandorfy, R. Norman Jones Can. J. Chem., 34(7), 888-905, (1956) The ultraviolet absorption spectra of methyl-1,2-benzanthracenes

J.L. Patenaude, P. Sauvageau, C. Sandorfy Spectrochim. Acta, 18 (2), 241-257, (1962) The assignment of bands in the ultraviolet spectrum of benz[a]anthracene

10-methylbenz[a]anthracene; 7-methyl-1,2-benzanthracene; C19H14; CAS-No.: 2381-15-9
G.M. Badger, R.S. Pearce, R. Pettit J. Chem. Soc., 1112-1116, (1952) Substituted anthracene derivatives. Part V. The conjugating powers of the substitution positions in 1 : 2-benzanthracene

J.L. Patenaude, P. Sauvageau, C. Sandorfy Spectrochim. Acta, 18 (2), 241-257, (1962) The assignment of bands in the ultraviolet spectrum of benz[a]anthracene

corannulene; C20H10; CAS-No.: 5821-51-2
G. Rouillé, C. Jäger, M. Steglich, F. Huisken, Th. Henning, G. Theumer, J. Bauer, H.-J. Knölker ChemPhysChem, 9, 2085-2091, (2008) IR, Raman, and UV-Vis spectra of corannulene for use in possible interstellar identification

benzo[a]pyrene; C20H12; CAS-No.: 50-32-8
J.S. Miller, D. Olejnik Water Research, 35 (1), 233-243, (2001) Photolysis of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in water

D.L. Plata, C.M. Sharpless, C.M. Reddy Environ. Sci. Technol., 42 (7), 2432-2438, (2008) Photochemical degradation of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in oil films

benzo[e]pyrene; C20H12; CAS-No.: 192-97-2
D.L. Plata, C.M. Sharpless, C.M. Reddy Environ. Sci. Technol., 42 (7), 2432-2438, (2008) Photochemical degradation of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in oil films

perylene; C20H12; CAS-No.: 198-55-0
J. Szczepanski, C. Chapo, M. Vala Chem. Phys. Lett., 205, 434-439, (1993) Visible and infrared spectra of matrix-isolated perylene cations 

C. Joblin, F. Salama, L. Allamandola J. Chem. Phys., 102, 9743-9745, (1995) Photoinduced fluorescence from the perylene cation isolated in Ne and Ar matrices

C. Joblin, F. Salama, L. Allamandola J. Chem. Phys., 110, 7287, (1999) Absorption and emission spectroscopy of perylene (C20H12) isolated in Ne, Ar, and N2 matrices

X. D. F. Chillier, B. M. Stone, C. Joblin, F. Salama, L. J. Allamandola J. Chem. Phys., 116, 5725-5730, (2002) D1(2B2g) --> D0(2Au) fluorescence from the matrix-isolated perylene cation following laser excitation into the D5(2B3g) and D2(2B3g) electronic states

T. M. Halasinski, J. L. Weisman, R. Ruiterkamp, T. J. Lee, F. Salama, M. Head-Gordon J. Phys. Chem. A, 107, 3660-3669, (2003) Electronic Absorption Spectra of Neutral Perylene (C20H12), Terrylene (C30H16), and Quaterrylene (C40H20) and Their Positive and Negative Ions: Ne Matrix-Isolation Spectroscopy and Time-Dependent Density Functional Theory Calculations; Supplemental material from ACS

Xiaofeng Tan, F. Salama J. Chem. Phys., 122, 084318-084326, (2005) Cavity ring-down spectroscopy and theoretical calculations of the S1 <-- S0 transition of jet-cooled perylene

perylene cation; (C20H12+); CAS-No.: 
X. D. F. Chillier, B. M. Stone, F. Salama, L. J. Allamandola J. Chem. Phys., 111, 449 - 451, (1999) First detection of an ultraviolet transition in an ionized polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon

1,1'-binaphthyl; 1,1'-dinaphthyl; 1,1'-binaphthalene; C20H14; CAS-No.: 604-53-5; PubChem: CID 11789
R.A. Friedel, M. Orchin, L. Reggel J. Am. Chem. Soc., 70 (1), 199-204, (1948) Steric hindrance and short wave length bands in the ultraviolet spectra of some naphthalene and diphenyl derivatives

1,2'-binaphthyl; 1,2'-dinaphthyl; 1,2'-binaphthalene; C20H14; CAS-No.: 4325-74-0; PubChem: CID 78018
R.A. Friedel, M. Orchin, L. Reggel J. Am. Chem. Soc., 70 (1), 199-204, (1948) Steric hindrance and short wave length bands in the ultraviolet spectra of some naphthalene and diphenyl derivatives

2,2'-binaphthyl; 2,2'-dinaphthyl; 2,2'-binaphthalene; C20H14; CAS-No.: 612-78-2
R.A. Friedel, M. Orchin, L. Reggel J. Am. Chem. Soc., 70 (1), 199-204, (1948) Steric hindrance and short wave length bands in the ultraviolet spectra of some naphthalene and diphenyl derivatives

1,12-dimethylbenz[a]anthracene; 1,12-dimethylbenzo[a]anthracene; C20H16; CAS-No.: 313-74-6; PubChem: CID 9407
J.L. Patenaude, P. Sauvageau, C. Sandorfy Spectrochim. Acta, 18 (2), 241-257, (1962) The assignment of bands in the ultraviolet spectrum of benz[a]anthracene

3,3',4,4'-tetrahydro-1,1'-binaphthyl ; 1,1'-binaphthyl, 3,3',4,4'-tetrahydro-; C20H18; CAS-No.: 5405-96-9; PubChem: CID 221180
R.A. Friedel, M. Orchin, L. Reggel J. Am. Chem. Soc., 70 (1), 199-204, (1948) Steric hindrance and short wave length bands in the ultraviolet spectra of some naphthalene and diphenyl derivatives

benzo(g,h,i)perylene; C22H12; CAS-No.: 191-24-2
X. Chillier, P. Boulet, H. Chermette, F. Salama, J. Weber J. Chem. Phys., 115, 1769-1776, (2001) Absorption and emission spectroscopy of matrix-isolated benzo[g,h,i]perylene: An experimental and theoretical study for astrochemical applications

Xiaofeng Tan, F. Salama J. Chem. Phys., 123, 014312-014318, (2005) Cavity ring-down spectroscopy and vibronic activity of benzo[ghi]perylene

G. Rouillé, M. Arold, A. Staicu, S. Krasnokutski, F. Huisken, T. Henning, X. Tan, F. Salama J. Chem. Phys., 126, 174311-174321, (2007) S1 <-- S0 transition of benzo[g,h,i]perylene in supersonic jets and rare gas matrices

picene; dibenzo[a,i]phenanthrene; C22H14; CAS-No.: 213-46-7
T.G. Pavlopoulos Chem. Phys. Lett., 16 (3), 584-586, (1972) Polarization of the triplet-triplet absorption spectrum of picene in the 3750 to 15800 A region

T. Itoh, M. Yamaji, H. Okamoto Chem. Phys. Lett., 570, 26-28, (2013) S2 fluorescence from picene vapor

pentacene; C22H14; CAS-No.: 135-48-8
E. Heinecke, D. Hartmann, R. Mueller, A. Hese J. Chem. Phys., 109, 906, (1998) Laser spectroscopy of free pentacene molecules (I): The rotational structure of the vibrationless S1 <-- S0 transition

T.M. Halasinski, D.M. Hudgins, F. Salama, L.J. Allamandola, T. Bally J. Phys. Chem. A, 104, 7484-7491, (2000) Electronic Absorption Spectra of Neutral Pentacene (C22H14) and Its Positive and Negative Ions in Ne, Ar, and Kr Matrices

coronene; C24H12; CAS-No.: 191-07-1
J.W. Patterson J. Am. Chem. Soc., 64 (6), 1485-1486, (1942) The ultraviolet absorption spectra of coronene

P. Ehrenfreund, L. D'Hendencourt, L. Verstraete, A. Leger, W. Schmidt, D. Defourneau Astronomy & Astrophysics, 259, 257-264, (1992) Search for the 4430 A DIB in the spectra of coronene cation and neutral ovalene

dibenz(a,e)aceanthrylene; C24H14; CAS-No.: 5385-75-1
P. Jacquignon, O. Perin-Roussel, F. Perin, O. Chalvet, J.M. Lhoste, A. Mathieu, B. Saperas, P. Viallet, F. Zajdela Can. J. Chem., 53, 1670-1676, (1975) Oxidation of Dibenzo[a,e]fluoranthene by Osmium Tetroxide

2,2',7,7'tetramethyl-1,1'-binaphthyl ; 1,1'-binaphthalene,2,2',7,7'-tetramethyl; C24H22; CAS-No.: 66778-18-5
R.A. Friedel, M. Orchin, L. Reggel J. Am. Chem. Soc., 70 (1), 199-204, (1948) Steric hindrance and short wave length bands in the ultraviolet spectra of some naphthalene and diphenyl derivatives

rubicene; NSC 87524; C26H14; CAS-No.: 197-61-5; PubChem: CID 67454
R.N. Jones Chem. Rev., 41 (2), 353-371, (1947) The ultraviolet absorption spectra of anthracene derivatives

9,10-diphenylanthracene; DMP; C26H18; CAS-No.: 1499-10-1
R.N. Jones Chem. Rev., 41 (2), 353-371, (1947) The ultraviolet absorption spectra of anthracene derivatives

diphenanthrofuran; DP; C28H16O; CAS-No.: 
R. Ruiterkamp, T. Halasinski, F. Salama, B. H. Foing, L. J. Allamandola, W. Schmidt, P. Ehrenfreund Astronomy & Astrophysics, 390, 1153-1170, (2002) Spectroscopy of large PAHs - Laboratory studies and comparison to the Diffuse Interstellar Bands

diphenanthrofuran anion; DP-; C28H16O-; CAS-No.: 
R. Ruiterkamp, T. Halasinski, F. Salama, B. H. Foing, L. J. Allamandola, W. Schmidt, P. Ehrenfreund Astronomy & Astrophysics, 390, 1153-1170, (2002) Spectroscopy of large PAHs - Laboratory studies and comparison to the Diffuse Interstellar Bands

dibenzo[cde,opq]rubicene; dibenzorubicene; DBR; C30H14; CAS-No.: 175289-30-2
G. Rouille, M. Steglich, C. Jaeger, F. Huisken, T. Henning, G. Theumer, I. Bauer, H.-J. Knoelker Chem. Phys. Chem., 12 (11), 2131-2137, (2011) Spectroscopy of Dibenzorubicene: Experimental Data for a Search in Interstellar Spectra

terrylene; C30H16; CAS-No.: 188-72-7
R. Ruiterkamp, T. Halasinski, F. Salama, B. H. Foing, L. J. Allamandola, W. Schmidt, P. Ehrenfreund Astronomy & Astrophysics, 390, 1153-1170, (2002) Spectroscopy of large PAHs - Laboratory studies and comparison to the Diffuse Interstellar Bands

T. M. Halasinski, J. L. Weisman, R. Ruiterkamp, T. J. Lee, F. Salama, M. Head-Gordon J. Phys. Chem. A, 107, 3660-3669, (2003) Electronic Absorption Spectra of Neutral Perylene (C20H12), Terrylene (C30H16), and Quaterrylene (C40H20) and Their Positive and Negative Ions: Ne Matrix-Isolation Spectroscopy and Time-Dependent Density Functional Theory Calculations; Supplemental material from ACS

1,2-di-9'-anthrylethane; C30H22; CAS-No.: 
S. Akiyama, M. Nakagawa Bull. Chem. Soc. Japan, 36 (3), 351, (1963) On the electronic spectrum of 1,2-di-9'-anthrylethane

ovalene; C32H14; CAS-No.: 190-26-1
P. Ehrenfreund, L. D'Hendencourt, L. Verstraete, A. Leger, W. Schmidt, D. Defourneau Astronomy & Astrophysics, 259, 257-264, (1992) Search for the 4430 A DIB in the spectra of coronene cation and neutral ovalene

R. Ruiterkamp, T. Halasinski, F. Salama, B. H. Foing, L. J. Allamandola, W. Schmidt, P. Ehrenfreund Astronomy & Astrophysics, 390, 1153-1170, (2002) Spectroscopy of large PAHs - Laboratory studies and comparison to the Diffuse Interstellar Bands

9,10-di(1-naphthyl)anthracene; NSC 90485; C34H22; CAS-No.: 26979-27-1
R.N. Jones Chem. Rev., 41 (2), 353-371, (1947) The ultraviolet absorption spectra of anthracene derivatives

9,10-di(2-naphthyl)anthracene; ADN; C34H22; CAS-No.: 122648-99-1
R.N. Jones Chem. Rev., 41 (2), 353-371, (1947) The ultraviolet absorption spectra of anthracene derivatives

decacyclene; C36H18; CAS-No.: 191-48-0
R. Ruiterkamp, T. Halasinski, F. Salama, B. H. Foing, L. J. Allamandola, W. Schmidt, P. Ehrenfreund Astronomy & Astrophysics, 390, 1153-1170, (2002) Spectroscopy of large PAHs - Laboratory studies and comparison to the Diffuse Interstellar Bands

2,2'-bis-triphenylyl; C36H22; CAS-No.: 
R. Ruiterkamp, T. Halasinski, F. Salama, B. H. Foing, L. J. Allamandola, W. Schmidt, P. Ehrenfreund Astronomy & Astrophysics, 390, 1153-1170, (2002) Spectroscopy of large PAHs - Laboratory studies and comparison to the Diffuse Interstellar Bands

2,3,9,10-tetraphenylanthracene; NSC-230268; C38H26; CAS-No.: ; PubChem: CID 313967
R.N. Jones Chem. Rev., 41 (2), 353-371, (1947) The ultraviolet absorption spectra of anthracene derivatives

quaterrylene; benzo[1,2,3-cd: 4,5,6-c'd']diperylene; C40H20; CAS-No.: 188-73-8
R. Ruiterkamp, T. Halasinski, F. Salama, B. H. Foing, L. J. Allamandola, W. Schmidt, P. Ehrenfreund Astronomy & Astrophysics, 390, 1153-1170, (2002) Spectroscopy of large PAHs - Laboratory studies and comparison to the Diffuse Interstellar Bands

T. M. Halasinski, J. L. Weisman, R. Ruiterkamp, T. J. Lee, F. Salama, M. Head-Gordon J. Phys. Chem. A, 107, 3660-3669, (2003) Electronic Absorption Spectra of Neutral Perylene (C20H12), Terrylene (C30H16), and Quaterrylene (C40H20) and Their Positive and Negative Ions: Ne Matrix-Isolation Spectroscopy and Time-Dependent Density Functional Theory Calculations; Supplemental material from ACS

hexa-peri-hexabenzocoronene; HBC; C42H18; CAS-No.:
D. L. Kokkin, T. P. Troy, M. Nakajima, K. Nauta, T. D. Varberg, G. F. Metha, N. T. Lucas, T. W. Schmidt Astrophys. J., 681, L49-L51, (2008) The Optical Spectrum of a Large Isolated Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbon: Hexa-peri-hexabenzocoronene, C42H18

G. Rouille, M. Steglich, F. Huisken, T. Henning, K. Muellen J. Chem. Phys., 131, 204311, (2009) UV/visible spectroscopy of matrix-isolated hexa-peri-hexabenzocoronene: Interacting electronic states and astrophysical context

hexabenzoperopyrene; C44H20; CAS-No.: 
R. Ruiterkamp, T. Halasinski, F. Salama, B. H. Foing, L. J. Allamandola, W. Schmidt, P. Ehrenfreund Astronomy & Astrophysics, 390, 1153-1170, (2002) Spectroscopy of large PAHs - Laboratory studies and comparison to the Diffuse Interstellar Bands

dicoronylene; C48H20; CAS-No.: 98570-53-7; PubChem: 636081
R. Ruiterkamp, T. Halasinski, F. Salama, B. H. Foing, L. J. Allamandola, W. Schmidt, P. Ehrenfreund Astronomy & Astrophysics, 390, 1153-1170, (2002) Spectroscopy of large PAHs - Laboratory studies and comparison to the Diffuse Interstellar Bands

tetraphenyldibenzoperiflanthene; DBP; C64H36; CAS-No.: 175606-05-0; PubChem: 
Z. Wang, Z. Hong, T. Zhuang, G. Chen, H. Sasabe, D. Yokohama, J. Kido Appl. Phys. Lett., 106, 053305, (2015) High fill factor and thermal stability of bilayer organic photovoltaic cells with an inverted structure

G. Rouillé, T. Kirchhuebel, M. Rink, M. Gruenewald, J. Kroeger, R. Forker, T. Fritz Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 17, 30404-30416, (2015) Identification of vibrational excitations and optical transitions of the organic electron donor tetraphenyldibenzoperiflanthene (DBP)

phenazine; C12H8N2; CAS-No.: 92-82-0
A. L. Mattioda, L. Rutter, J. Parkhill, M. Head-Gordon, T. J. Lee, L. J. Allamandola Astrophysical Journal, 680, 1243-1255, (2008) Near-Infrared Spectroscopy of Nitrogenated Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbon Cations from 0.7 to 2.5 µm

acridine; C13H9N; CAS-No.: 260-94-6
A. L. Mattioda, L. Rutter, J. Parkhill, M. Head-Gordon, T. J. Lee, L. J. Allamandola Astrophysical Journal, 680, 1243-1255, (2008) Near-Infrared Spectroscopy of Nitrogenated Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbon Cations from 0.7 to 2.5 µm

2,7-diaminofluorene; 9H-fluorene-2,7-diamine; DAF; C13H12N2; CAS-No.: 525-64-4; PubChem: CID 10679
R. Manoharan, S.K. Dogra Can. J. Chem., 65(9), 2013-2018, (1987) Unusual spectral shifts in the prototropic reactions of 2,7-diaminofluorene

1,1'-azonaphthalene; azobisnaphthalene; C20H14N2; CAS-No.: 487-10-5; PubChem: CID 10247
G.M. Badger, R.G. Buttery J. Chem. Soc., 2156-2158, (1953) Aromatic azo-compounds. Part IV. Absorption spectra of azo- and azoxy-compounds

2,2'-azonaphthalene; C20H14N2; CAS-No.: 582-08-1; PubChem: CID 11395
G.M. Badger, R.G. Buttery J. Chem. Soc., 2156-2158, (1953) Aromatic azo-compounds. Part IV. Absorption spectra of azo- and azoxy-compounds

1,1-'azoxynaphthalene; C20H14N2O; CAS-No.:
G.M. Badger, R.G. Buttery J. Chem. Soc., 2156-2158, (1953) Aromatic azo-compounds. Part IV. Absorption spectra of azo- and azoxy-compounds

2,2-'azoxynaphthalene; C20H14N2O; CAS-No.: 
G.M. Badger, R.G. Buttery J. Chem. Soc., 2156-2158, (1953) Aromatic azo-compounds. Part IV. Absorption spectra of azo- and azoxy-compounds


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